Paramedical

Paramedical

About course

Paramedical services are those services where professionals help the doctors in specialized areas and facilities for better diagnosis, treatment and therapy. The increasing demand of skilled para-medical professionals has opened up several career opportunities for young aspirants in India as well as abroad. Without paramedics, the entire health care industry will come to a standstill and become almost non-functionary.

Students pursuing Physics, Chemistry, Biology (PCB) at + 2 level mainly aim at becoming a doctor. But very few of them give attention to the paramedical field which includes professionals like pharmacists, physiotherapists, nurses, medical laboratory technologist, optometrist, speech therapist, etc. All these professionals support the doctor in treatment of
the ever increasing number of patients, afflicted with various diseases, making health care easy and effective. essing.

Manjor streme

Pharm D or Doctor of Pharmacy is a professional degree in pharmacy stream. Pharm D course duration is six years in total inclusive of 5 years of learning and one year of internship for practical learning. The only doctoral degree that can be pursued right after passing 10+2 qualifying examinations. Moreover, PharmD can also be pursued by BPharm graduates by seeking admissions to lateral entry course i.e. Pharm D (Post Baccalaureate).

Pharm D Eligibility and Entrance Exams

The Pharm. D course is offered as a 6- year degree inclusive of five years of education and one year internship and, as a Post Baccalaureate course of three years duration. To pursue either of the courses, candidates should fulfill the eligibility criteria as mentioned below

For 6 year Pharm. D course

  • Candidates must have completed 10+2 level of education from any state/national education board. They must have studied Physics and Chemistry as compulsory subjects with Mathematics or Biology as additional subjects. They must have completed 17 years of age in the year of admission. Or
  • Candidates holding a diploma in pharmacy are also eligible for Pharm. D course provided they fulfill all other conditions as well.

For 3-year Pharm. D course (Post Baccalaureate)

  • Candidates passed in Bachelor of Pharmacy course from an institute recognized under Pharmacy Council of India are eligible for Pharm. D course.
  • They must have completed higher secondary education i.e. 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics or Biology subjects.

PharmD Jobs and Career Opportunities

Students holding PharmD degree get wide opportunities such as research and development, quality assurance and improvement, technical advancements in healthcare and pharmaceutical sectors. Below are some of the top job profiles and companies for PharmD:

Job Profiles Average Salary
Research Scientist Rs. 6 Lakh and above
Regulatory Affairs Manager Rs. 9.60 Lakh and above
Quality Assurance Manager Rs. 10 Lakh and above
Medical Writer Rs. 3 Lakh and above
Clinical Pharmacist Rs. 3.40 Lakh and above
Pharmacist Rs. 2.30 Lakh and above
Pharmacy Manager Rs. 4.90 Lakh and above
Pharmacy Technician Rs. 3 Lakh and above

Full form of B.Pharma is Bachelor of Pharmacy. Whenever a cure for a disease is found, Pharmacy has a really big role in researching and testing it before it is available for treatment. The medicine which includes diagnosing the cause of disease and then, treatment to eradicate the disease or to prevent it from growing in the environment; Pharmacists are becoming an integral part of the healthcare industry for this and making the sector a success. It is a major segment of healthcare Industry contributing with research in medicinal drugs as well as developing, manufacturing and supply of medications in Market.

As a Pharmacy practitioner who understands medicines majorly work in research and development of pain drugs, work on medical complications by altering the drugs. Also, to quality check and control as per the regulations of Pharmacy Council. The Pharmacy sector is divided into different segments including hospital/clinical pharmacy, industrial pharmacy and Pharmacy Regulators etc.

A Bachelor of Pharmacy degree is the gateway for entering Pharmacy sector in Medical and Health Care Industry. One who pursues this degree studies core subjects including Pharmaceuticals, Pharmacology, Pharmaceutical Chemistry and Pharmacognosy.

The Pharmacy industry offers not just developing drugs but also, testing for quality check, regulating labs as per the standards

Eligibility Criteria

The Bachelor of Pharmacy course is for candidates who have completed their higher secondary education i.e. 10+2 with subject combination of either Physics, Chemistry and Biology or Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics. There could be minimum marks criteria mentioned by the Institute/University offering the course.

Top Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Pharmaceutical Scientist: Design new drug therapies using natural or synthetic (man-made) ingredients. Uncover new ways to use existing drugs to treat different types of disease. Study how disease affects the body and what causes some people to develop certain types of disease. Study how the human body responds to medications, so scientists can develop better, safer drugs Test drugs on animals and humans to ensure safety and efficacy. Determine the most effective formulation and dosage for a specific drug. Work on improving the drug manufacturing process. Ensure the consistent quality of prescription based medications. Advice corporations or government agencies, including the Food and Drug Administration, on issues related to pharmaceutical development.

Quality Control Associate: As a quality controller, you need to quality check all medicinal drugs in-process or post-processing, basically before the drugs are dispersed in the market. The Quality Control Associate in Pharmacy ensures that all medicinal drugs are produced as per the standards of Pharmacy Association.

Graduation in Nursing or B. Sc. (Bachelor of Science) in Nursing is a four-year professional course. To pursue B. Sc. nursing the candidates should have minimum eligibility criteria having completed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as mandatory subjects. One can get admission into the B. Sc. nursing course by appearing in several entrance exams held between April-June. Indian B.Sc. nursing degree is widely accepted throughout the globe since the course teaches nursing science along with the essence of humanities. The average course fee for B.Sc. Nursing is Rs 8,500 to Rs 1.3 lakhs per annum. Which may vary based on the universities/colleges’ standards.

B.Sc. Nursing Eligibility Criteria

One can choose from the two-course options one B. Sc. (Basic) and other is B. Sc. (Post-Basic), the eligibility criteria for the two is mentioned below:
For B.Sc. (Basic) – Candidates should pass 10+2 in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology and should be medically fit.
For B.Sc. (Post-Basic)  Candidates should pass 10+2 in PCB (Physics, Chemistry, and Biology). One has to obtain a certificate in GNM (General Nursing Midwifery) and register him/herself as RNRM (Registered Nurse Registered Midwife) from the State Nurses Registration Council. Notably, one has to submit a proof of training by Indian Nursing Council or equivalent in the following domain:
  • OT (Operation Theatre) Techniques
  • Community Health Nursing
  • Psychiatric Nursing
  • Ophthalmic Nursing
  • Leprosy Nursing
  • TB Nursing
  • Neurological and Neurosurgical Nursing
  • Cancer Nursing
  • Orthopedic Nursing

Nursing: Skills Required

The nursing profession is a noble profession and requires dealing with different types of patients regularly. The most essential skill or quality a nurse should is to have patience. Besides this dedication to work with doctors, patients and other hospital administration, compassion, and excellent communication skills. A nurse should be able to communicate both in medical jargon and laymen’s terms. At last a nurse should possess strong organizational and management skills as a nurse is also responsible for maintaining patient records.
  1. Sc. nursing is a graduate-level course in Nursing and covers all the important aspects of nursing. The course is aimed at imparting the thorough knowledge and know-how basics of the profession. As the profession directly involves in taking care of patients, thus the course has to be rigorous. Below is the list of subjects that are taught during the course
  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Nutrition
  • Nursing Foundation
  • Pharmacology
  • Sociology
  • Pathology and Genetics
  • Medical-Surgical Nursing
  • Community Health Nursing
  • Psychology
  • Communication and Educational Technology
  • Microbiology
  • Midwifery and Obstetrical Nursing
  • Introduction to Computer
  • English
  • Nursing Research and Statistics
  • Management of Nursing Services and Education
  • Child Health Nursing
  • Fundamentals of Nursing
  • First aid with applied Sciences and Pharmacology
  • Psychiatric Nursing
  • Operation Theatre Technique

B.Sc. Nursing career options

  1. Sc. Nursing freshers have plenty of options in hand right after completing their graduation. They can start their career in nursing by joining private/government hospital or as a tutor in some institute. Below are the job profiles which B. Sc. Nursing graduates can join as
  • Nurse
  • Home Care Nurses
  • Nursing Assistant
  • Nurse – Nursery School
  • Junior Psychiatric Nurse
  • Ward Nurse & Infection Control Nurse
  • Nursing Assist. Supervisor
  • Nursing Tutor
  • Nursing Educator
  • Home Care Nurses
  • Nursing Assistant
  • Nurse – Nursery School
  • Nurse & Patient Educator
  • Junior Psychiatric Nurse
  • Nurse Manager
  • Ward Nurse & Infection Control Nurse

B.Sc. Nursing Salary                   

B. Sc. nursing graduates can earn a decent salary depending upon their experience. Communications and skills they possess. B. Sc. nursing graduates can earn from Rs 3.2 Lakh per annum to 7.8 Lakh per annum. The amount may fluctuate depending on the employer organization and hospital.
ANM or simply Auxiliary Nurse Midwifery in Nursing is a two-year undergraduate certificate-level course in Medical Nursing. The duration of the course varies for different institutes. It often ranges from 1 to 3 academic years. The minimum eligibility to pursue ANM Course is 10+2 level of education with a minimum aggregate of 45% marks. Admission to the ANM course is based on the round of counseling conducted after the candidate’s qualification of a relevant entrance test. The course may also be offered on a part-time basis in some institutes. ?The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 10,000 and 5 lacs. The course deals with the field of medicine and covers components of healthcare. It focuses on providing medical care to individuals, families, and communities, so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of life from conception to death. Course syllabus varies across different ANM Nursing Colleges.

ANM: Career Prospects

The requirement for qualified and skilled nurses is fast on the up-and-up. Though ANM Nursing being a diploma course does not guarantee high-end job opportunities, it is still a beneficial course for 10+2 passouts willing to work in the healthcare sector. Employment opportunities in this profession are available across private and government hospitals, industries, orphanages, nursing homes, old age homes, sanatoriums, and the Armed Forces.

Top Job Profiles for ANM Nursing diploma holders are:

  • Community Health Worker
  • Home Nurse
  • Health Visitor
  • Basic Health Worker
  • Rural Health Worker

Top Employment Areas include:

  • Rural Health Centres
  • Government hospitals
  • NGOs
  • Old age homes
  • Government dispensaries
  • Medical Colleges
  • Nursing Homes
  • Self-Clinic
  • Medical Labs
  • Medical Content Writing
  • Community Healthcare Centres
State Nursing Councils, Indian Red Cross Society, Indian Nursing Council, and numerous other nursing colleges and institutions are few other employment areas where such professionals are successfully employed.
Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful professionals of the discipline are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.
Listed below are some of the major highlights of GNM nursing course.

Course Level Diploma
GNM Full Form General Nursing and Midwifery
Duration 3½ years
Examination Type Semester System/ Year-wise
Eligibility 10+2 with minimum 50% marks in aggregate with science subjects
Admission Process Based on the performance in the entrance exam
Course Fee INR 20,000 to 1.5 Lakhs
Average Starting Salary INR 2 to 5 Lakhs per annum
Top Recruiting Companies Indian Red Cross Society, Indian Nursing Council, State Nursing Councils, Kailash Hospital, Metro Hospital, AIIMS, Fortis Hospital, Orphanage, etc.
Top Recruiting Areas TV & News, Forensic Jobs, Anganwadi Program, Teaching and Education, Travel and Tourism Nursing Jobs, Material Purchase Logistics Jobs, Hospitality Jobs and such.
Job Positions Clinical Nurse Specialist, Legal Nurse Consultant, Forensic Nursing, Madam, In-charge & Helper, Teacher & Junior Lecturer, Travelling Nurse, Receptionist & Entry Operator, Brand Representative & Hyper, Sale-purchase Assistant, Emergency Room Nurse & Midwife Nurse, among others.

GNM: What is it About?

Nursing is the speciality of dealing with sick and maternity care. As a profession, it is about the provision of help to a mother during pregnancyGNM Subjects essentially aim to produce qualified and trained general Nurses who can effectively work as part of the medical community. The program has been designed to enable eligible candidates to address the health needs of the country, community, and individuals. They can also pursue advanced study and specialization in nursing while contributing to the health-based industry with patience, responsibility, and dedication. Students can also choose other Nursing Courses further.

LATEST APPLICATION FORMS 2020

Subjects covered within this course’s curriculum include.

  • Anatomy & Physiology
  • Biological Science
  • Microbiology
  • Behavioral Science
  • Sociology
  • Psychology
  • Fundamentals of Nursing
  • First Aid
Ideal candidates for the course would possess alertness of mind, team spirit, tact, compassion, and physical fitness. Such professionals interested in pursuing higher studies in the discipline may refer to some GNM Books and go for higher degree programs in the subject. Successful professionals can also teach the discipline at related institutes.

GNM: Eligibility

Listed below are some criteria which candidates interested in pursuing GNM nursing course are required to fulfil in order to be eligible to apply for the course.

  • Successful qualification of class XII from a recognized educational board.
  • Preferably, science subjects as the main subjects of study at the 10+2 level.
  • A minimum aggregate score of 45% (40% for SC/ST/OBC candidates).

GNM: Admission Process

Most institutes offering the course admit students based on performance in a relevant entrance test. GNM Admission Process generally varies across colleges. A few institutes also provide direct admission based on the candidate’s performance at the 10+2 level.

GNM: Career Prospects

Higher Studies After passing in the GNM Result, students who want to pursue higher studies can fill the nursing application form for courses like: GNM: Jobs The requirement for qualified and skilled nurses is rampant throughout the world. The existing nurse-patient ratio is rather low and disappointing at present. Employment opportunities in this profession are available across private and government hospitals, industries, orphanages, nursing homes, old age homes, sanatoriums, and armed forces. Popular hiring organizations include:
  • State Nursing Councils
  • Indian Red Cross Society
  • Indian Nursing Council
Some of the popular professional avenues open to such professionals are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

Listed below are some of the major highlights of GNM nursing course.


Course Level Diploma
GNM Full Form General Nursing and Midwifery
Duration 3½ years
Examination Type Semester System/ Year-wise
Eligibility 10+2 with minimum 50% marks in aggregate with science subjects
Admission Process Based on the performance in the entrance exam
Course Fee INR 20,000 to 1.5 Lakhs
Average Starting Salary INR 2 to 5 Lakhs per annum
Top Recruiting Companies Indian Red Cross Society, Indian Nursing Council, State Nursing Councils, Kailash Hospital, Metro Hospital, AIIMS, Fortis Hospital, Orphanage, etc.
Top Recruiting Areas TV & News, Forensic Jobs, Anganwadi Program, Teaching and Education, Travel and Tourism Nursing Jobs, Material Purchase Logistics Jobs, Hospitality Jobs and such.
Job Positions Clinical Nurse Specialist, Legal Nurse Consultant, Forensic Nursing, Madam, In-charge & Helper, Teacher & Junior Lecturer, Travelling Nurse, Receptionist & Entry Operator, Brand Representative & Hyper, Sale-purchase Assistant, Emergency Room Nurse & Midwife Nurse, among others.

GNM: What is it About?

Nursing is the speciality of dealing with sick and maternity care. As a profession, it is about the provision of help to a mother during pregnancyGNM Subjects essentially aim to produce qualified and trained general Nurses who can effectively work as part of the medical community. The program has been designed to enable eligible candidates to address the health needs of the country, community, and individuals. They can also pursue advanced study and specialization in nursing while contributing to the health-based industry with patience, responsibility, and dedication. Students can also choose other Nursing Courses further.GNM: Eligibility Listed below are some criteria which candidates interested in pursuing GNM nursing course are required to fulfil in order to be eligible to apply for the course.
  • Successful qualification of class XII from a recognized educational board.
  • Preferably, science subjects as the main subjects of study at the 10+2 level.
  • A minimum aggregate score of 45% (40% for SC/ST/OBC candidates).

GNM: Admission Process

Most institutes offering the course admit students based on performance in a relevant entrance test. GNM Admission Process generally varies across colleges. A few institutes also provide direct admission based on the candidate’s performance at the 10+2 level

GNM: Career Prospects

Higher Studies

After passing in the GNM Result, students who want to pursue higher studies can fill the nursing application form for courses like:

GNM: Jobs

The requirement for qualified and skilled nurses is rampant throughout the world. The existing nurse-patient ratio is rather low and disappointing at present. Employment opportunities in this profession are available across private and government hospitals, industries, orphanages, nursing homes, old age homes, sanatoriums, and armed forces. Popular hiring organizations include:
  • State Nursing Councils
  • Indian Red Cross Society
  • Indian Nursing Council

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  Medical Diploma Courses Some of the popular professional avenues open to such professionals are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions. In order to be eligible to apply to this program, candidates are required to have passed Class 12 or equivalent in relevant discipline from a recognized board.   Successful graduates of the course are lucratively employed in areas such as:
  • Hospitals
  • Health Institutes
  • Fitness Centres
  • Private Clinics
  • Sports teams
The average annual initial salary ranges between INR 2.8 and 8 Lakh, depending upon the candidate’s expertise in the field and relevant skill set.
Diploma in Physiotherapy (D.P.T.) is a professional course in medical nursing. The course can be pursued after successful completion of the 10+2 level of education in the Science stream from a recognized educational Board.

Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course

Course Level Diploma
Duration 2 years
Examination Type Semester System/ Year wise
Eligibility 10+2 with minimum 50% marks in aggregate with Science subjects
Admission Process Merit-based/ based on performance in entrance test
Course Fee INR 10,000 to 5 Lacs
Average Starting Salary INR 3 to 20 lacs per annum
Top Recruiting Companies Fortis Healthcare, MAX Healthcare, Care Hospitals, Indian Council of Medical Research, Apollo Hospitals, Kailash Hospital, Adecco India Private Limited, Jaypee healthcare limited, Meditrina Hospitals Private Limited, Help Age India Medybiz Pvt. Ltd., Hosmat Hospital, Talwalkars Pantaloon Fitness Pvt. Ltd., Intellectual Resource Training Private Limited, etc.
Top Recruiting Areas Orthopedic Departments, Private & Government Sectors, Health Institutions, Rehabilitation Centers, Defense Medical Organizations, Colleges & Universities, Pharma Industry, and such.
Job Positions Lecturer, Researcher, Professor, Therapy Manager, Research Assistant, Customer Care Assistant, Assistant Physiotherapist, Sports Physio Rehabilitator, Self Employed Private Physiotherapist, among others.

Diploma in Physiotherapy [DPT]: What is it About?

DPT (Diploma in Physiotherapy) course teaches professionals to maximize performance of human movement, enable clients to achieve optimal independence in physical movement and function, implement evidence-based techniques to manage disorders of the human body for people of all age groups, provide treatment, preventive advice, and care, rehabilitate those with physical and psychological impairment and maximize clients’ functional abilities for healthy lifestyles. Physiotherapy or Physical Therapy is the medical technique of healing which involves physical prescription and restoration, physical movement, force and activities to redress hindrances or distortions in normal bodily movement and physical rehabilitation to normalcy through back rubs and physical exercise and movements. Students enrolled in the course are taught to provide high-quality holistic care to clients, treat patients with physical difficulties resulting from illness, injuries, disabilities or aging, work in a range of settings including hospitals, health centers, private practices and sports clubs, develop relevant technical skills, develop good communication and interpersonal skills and stay updated with developments in the field from time to time

BPT Eligibility Criteria

Candidates seeking admission to Bachelor of Physiotherapy (BPT) need to fulfil the minimum eligibility criteria listed below:
  • Higher Secondary (10+2) or equivalent qualification from a recognized university.
  • The candidate should have pursued science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as main subjects.
  • A minimum aggregate score of 50% or equivalent CGPA at the 10+2 level (45% for SC/ST/OBC candidates).
Some Entrance exams may be region specific and thus might need you to produce your domicile certificate.

Career Prospects

Such professionals are responsible for treating physically challenged people across orthopedic departments, private & government sectors, health institutions, rehabilitation centers, defense medical organizations, gyms, health centers, NGOs, sports clubs, and sports franchises etc. Owing to the society’s changing lifestyle, cases of musculoskeletal problems have been on an alarming increase in recent times. Such problems can be usually solved by the intervention of a physiotherapist. Most such cases are referred to physiotherapists.
A branch of science that involves the study of healing powers of the body itself is known as Naturopathy. It deals with cleansing of the body without the help of allopathic medicines. The body is allowed to clean and repair its own immune system, hormonal system, excretory system, nervous system, etc. Naturopathy helps align the body’s self-healing power with the systems by providing naturally obtained medicines for diseases. Licensed Naturopath or Naturopathic Physicians usually work in clinics along with patients in analyzing symptoms, issues, and medical status. They personalize treatment protocols for every patient, along with studying the patient’s lifestyle, habits, scanning patients’ ailments or allergies to find clues responsible for the current state. The degree of BNYS (Bachelor of Naturopathy and Yoga Science) focuses on the education of working in compliance with the symptoms of the patient’s body and other reactions. Studying these symptoms is important for the Naturopaths because they believe that every person’s symptoms can differ in line with the cause of the disease and thus requires a different treatment methodology. Things like emotional predispositions, biomechanics as well as the biochemistry of the patients are utilized for treating illness.

Duration and Eligibility criteria for the degree course of BNYS

The course of BNYS is 4.5 years and is mainly an undergraduate course that pertains to the field of Integrative Medicine. It is a culmination of both traditional and modern medicine. The course also requires the students to complete a Compulsory Rotatory Residential Internship for the duration of 1 year. The students willing to take up the BNYS course and become a Naturopath can choose from a number of medical colleges and universities both private and government. The syllabus taught is mainly in English though Sanskrit is used as an additional language in some colleges. The average course fee in India ranges between Rs 7,000 – Rs 50,000 for the total duration. The candidates who are interested in applying for the study of BNYS are supposed to acquire a minimum academic qualification in order to get admission in top Naturopathic colleges in India:
  1. The student must complete their 10+2 in Science stream from a recognized educational board.
  2. The students should have PCMB (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology) as the compulsory subjects in their 10+2 board exams.
  3. The general category students should have a minimum score of 45% in 10+2 whereas SC/ ST quota students should have minimum 40% marks in their 10+2 board exams to be eligible.
The students who have not attended their 10+2 in Science stream can opt for the 1-year training program at the National Institute of Naturopathy, Pune ( also known as Treatment Attendant Training Course).

Essential skillset for Naturopathy

For students aspiring for Naturopathy, they need to have a set of skills that are equivalent to that of the students of MBBS. This is because the study of Naturopathy is quite similar to the study of MBBS. Some of the important skillset and educational integrity that are essential for being a Naturopath are as follows:
  1. Avid learning ability as the field of medicine is ever-changing.
  2. Proficiency in measurement, calculation, reasoning, and analysis.
  3. Abilities like fair-judgment, critical thinking, emotional stability, and maturity.
  4. Qualities of ethics like integrity, empathy, and concern for others.
  5. Interest in research.
  6. Intellectual ability and emotional stability.
  7. Good vision, hearing, and other sensory modalities.
  8. Sufficient motor skills to be able to conduct activities like palpation, auscultation, percussion, and other diagnostic therapies on patients.
  9. Sensitivity to patients’ health and well-being.
  10. Excellent observational skills in patients who are in the path of healing.
  11. Should have excellent communication skills.

Process of Admission

A maximum number of colleges take admissions on the basis of the student’s accomplishment in the 10+2 board exams which is followed by a round of Personal Interview. Very few colleges conduct entrance examinations which are institutions based and not national level. The personal interview round checks upon the general aptitude of the student on the relevant degree course of BNYS which you are about to pursue. After the PI round a merit list is declared, this displays the names of the students who are selected.

Specializations, Career Prospect, and Salary

There are two kinds of specializations in the study of BNYS.
  1. Para-clinical specialists – the Para-clinical specialist are specialists in various Naturopathic procedures and lab tests. The average annual salary ranges from Rs 3 lakhs – Rs 7 lakhs.
  2. Naturopath – a Naturopath is more or less a lifestyle coach who helps people in suggesting foods and lifestyle choices according to the problems or disease of the patients. They can earn an average annual salary of Rs 2 lakhs – Rs 5 lakhs.
There are various other areas of employment for people who hols BNYS degrees like that of in the field of:
  1. Para-Clinical Specialist in government or private hospitals and health centre
  2. Lectureship in various colleges and medical universities
  3. Army/Air Force/Navy/Paratroops Hospitals
  4. Nutrition or Dietetics, Obstetrics, gynecology
Specialty clinics regarding various Naturopathic treatments in Bariatric, Allergy, Reproductive Medicine, De-addiction and many more

About the Programme

B.Sc. Yoga is a three-year undergraduate programme intended to provide education, preservation and application of the general teachings of Yoga. The programme offers a study of Yoga’s theory and philosophy, as well as practical training of its methodologies. With cognitive understanding and experiential learning, students get exposure to the ancient teachings of the practice while gaining the necessary expertise and skills. The curriculum of the programme also covers the study of scriptures, application of meditation, chanting and more among a variety of other practices to meet the purpose of the subject. For yoga professionals, there are a plethora of career options available both in the government and private sectors. Students can easily find employment in the field of research, academics, management, hospital, administrative, consultation, etc.

This course is for individuals who…

are agile and self-motivated. It is for aspirants who are focused and can make every person they come in contact with feel comfortable.

Students who are looking for…

extraordinary career opportunities in the field of Yoga where they can apply their skills must opt for this programme. It is for candidates who wish to pursue fitness a career.

Eligibility Criteria

For National Students
  • Sr. Secondary (10+2) with minimum 50% marks.
  • Proficiency in English Communication.
For International Students The eligibility criterion for all programs for international applicants is minimum 50% in the qualifying examination and having studied the pre-requisite subjects for admission in to the desired program.


Career path you can choose after the course

  • Career in
  • Public health
  • Environmental health and
  • Environmental policy making bodies.
  • Teaching
  • Yoga training centers
Bachelor of Nutrition and Dietetics is a three-year undergraduate programme offered by Sharda University. Nutrition & Dietetics is a subdiscipline of Medicine that focuses on all the aspects of food and its effects on human bodies. The programme   is focused on   the study of food management and promotion of health through healthy food.This essentially involves an advanced learning in ways to enhance the quality of life and overall well-being through dietary modifications. The programme is divided into six semesters of six months each. The programme involves an advanced study of the necessary nutrients needed by the body in order to function properly and the food items that are rich in them. This is a comprehensive programme with a curriculum that combines the science of nutrition with a broader view of wellness community and environment. The programme imparts insights into nutritional matters and food habits and elaborates learning about how nutritional habits can improve human health.

This course is for individuals who…are interested in improving human health and well-being by suggesting a well-organised lifestyle and healthy eating habits. The programme will interest students who are concerned about wellness community and environment.
Students who are looking for…a career inspired by healthy living and love delving into reasons for unhealthy eating behaviours and seek ways to research rectify and improve the same.


Eligibility Criteria


For National Students ·         Sr. Secondary (10+2) with Biology or Life Sciences as one of the subjects with minimum 50% marks
For International Students The eligibility criterion for all programs for international applicants is minimum 50% in the qualifying examination and having studied the pre-requisite subjects for admission in to the desired program.

Career path you can choose after the course

  • Nutritionist
  • Dietician
  • Community education officer
  • Food Technologist
  • Health Promotion Specialist
  • International Aid/Development Worker
  • Medical Sales Representative Nutritional Therapist
  • Researcher
  • Faculty
  • Food Processing Consultant

M.Sc. Food Nutrition: Course Highlights

Tabulated below are some of the major highlights of the course.


Course Level Post Graduate
Duration 2 years
Examination Type Semester System
Eligibility Bachelor’s degree in Food Science/ equivalent discipline
Admission Process Merit-based/ Counselling after qualification of a relevant entrance examination
Course Fee INR 20,000 to 3 lacs
Average Starting Salary INR 2 to 10 lacs

M.Sc. Food Nutrition: What is it About? Nutrition is the science of the relationship between diet and health. The purpose of the discipline of Nutrition Science is to explain metabolic and physiological responses of the body to diet. Nutritionists are health professionals who specialize in this area of study, and students are trained to provide safe and evidence-based dietary advice and interventions. Solving deficiencies, excesses, and imbalances in diet can produce negative impacts on health. This may lead to diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, and scurvy, or osteoporosis, besides psychological and behavioral problems. Nutrition is essential for good health and is essential for a person to grow and develop normally, and to remain healthy throughout life. The course is an advanced study of the processes whereby the food that is consumed is used for nourishing the body. The practical coursework is aimed at enhancing candidates’ communication and teamwork skills, sharpening their attention-to-detail and the ability to accurately record results. Food manufacturers, producers, and retailers are common employers in the field, as also food technical service providers and government departments which develop food policy and enforcement processes. Food Nutrition postgraduates also work in a range of areas in the land-based sector, agriculture, animal-related areas, as well as fresh produce, retail, and food service. The average annual course fee charged in India ranges anywhere between INR 20,000 and 3 lacs, depending upon the institute offering the course. The average annual salary offered in India to successful postgraduates of the course ranges between INR 2 and 10 lacs, depending upon the candidate’s expertise in the field.

M.Sc. Food Nutrition: Eligibility

Candidates wishing to pursue the course are required to fulfil the below-mentioned minimum eligibility criteria.
  • Graduation completed from a recognized university in any of:
  1. Sc. in Food Science and Nutrition
  2. Sc. Foods and Nutrition
  3. Sc. Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics
  4. Nutrition and Dietetics
  5. Applied Nutrition
  6. Food Science and Quality Control
  7. Public Health and Nutrition
  8. Food Technology.
  • A minimum aggregate score of 50% at the level of graduation.

M.Sc. Food Nutrition: Admission Process

Admission to the course is based on the candidate’s performance in a relevant institutional/ State/ national-level entrance exam, such as the national-level GATE, with a minimum aggregate score of 60%. Students qualifying the exam with the set minimum eligible cut-off score are invited for the subsequent round of counseling, based on which, the final selection is made. The counseling process (if involved) consists of rounds of Group Discussion and Personal Interview, wherein the candidate’s general aptitude for the course is examined, and a merit list is made, allotting seats to the qualifying candidates.

M.Sc. Food Nutrition: Career Prospects

Careers in research in the food industry abound in regulatory and public bodies across the country, ranging from jobs in nutrition and new product development to roles in areas of purchasing, supply chain, logistics, and distribution. They may pursue job roles such as Development Scientist, working on new foodstuffs and food production which is safe and nutritious, along with having consistent flavor and texture. Career opportunities can also be found in the industry and within government and local food inspection departments. Some other job roles include Industrial Buyer, Production Manager Retail Buyer, and Quality Assurance Manager. Industrial and scientific sectors also employ such postgraduates, such as in the NHS and private healthcare, for roles such as a Nutritional Therapist. Such roles require a mix of subject-specific and technical skills, transferable core skills such as analytical and problem-solving, and also the ability to interpret data critically.
Some of the top professional avenues open to such postgraduates are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology Top Colleges, Syllabus, Scope and Salary

Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology or BMLT is a 3-year undergraduate course designed to equip eligible candidates with an advanced learning in both routine and sophisticated laboratory diagnostic procedures. Aspiring candidates need to have qualified the Senior Secondary Certificate (class XIIth) Examination in the Science stream, with a minimum aggregate score of 50% (45% for SC/ST candidates) or equivalent CGPA.   Candidates are imparted:
  • theoretical learning in the laboratory exercise principles.
  • familiarity with the new advances in management of Laboratories, instrument-handling, etc.
  • leaning in related practices such as standard protocols, laboratory investigations, innovation, system, and such.
  • training to become professional medical technologists who can perform tasks such as testing, documenting, investigating, reporting, etc.
Such graduates are hired in capacities such as R&D Contractual Lab Assistant, Junior Technical Executive, Lab Medicine Technician, X-Ray Technician, Laboratory Technician, System Analyst, Laboratory Technician, etc. The average tuition fee charged for the course in India ranges between INR 2,000 and 5 Lacs for a span of 3 years, and the average monthly starting salary of a Lab Technician ranges between INR 8,000 and 16,000. Lab Technologists are generally paid higher than Lab Technicians.

BMLT: Course Highlights

Listed below are some of the major highlights of the course.

Course Level Graduation
Duration 3 years
Examination Type Semester System
Eligibility 10+2 in any stream
Admission Process Merit-based/ Based on performance in entrance exam
Course Fee INR 2,000 to 5 Lacs
Average Starting Salary INR 4 to 10 lacs per annum
Top Recruiting Companies MAX Hospital, Kailash Hospital, Metro Hospital, Fortis Hospital, Public Health Facilities, Nursing Homes, Hospitals, Clinics, Commercial Laboratories, etc.
Top Recruiting Area Hospitals, emergency centers, nursing homes, private laboratories, blood banks, doctor’s office, clinics, government sectors colleges and universities, etc.
Job Positions R&D Contractual Lab Assistant, Junior Technical Executive, Lab Medicine Technician, X-Ray Technician, Laboratory Technician, System Analyst, Laboratory Technician, etc.

BMLT: What is it About?

Students enrolled to the course are taught to perform tests that aid in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. The program also equips candidates with the requisite knowledge and skills needed to handle sophisticated lab equipment and perform accurate laboratory tests. The course aims to train students in:
  • management of operation theatre
  • handling a variety of operating instruments including electronic and advanced equipment used in modern operation theatres.
  • expertise in applying medical standards and technical standards for assessing lab tests.
  • working in laboratory-related quality control departments.

BMLT: Course Objectives

Listed below are the principle objectives of the course. The course essentially aims to impart training to candidates in:
  • performing both common and complex lab examinations on clinical and non-clinical subjects autonomously.
  • translating the outcomes and clarifying the underlying rules of every examination.
  • helping and partaking in research work.
  • performing administrative tasks such as supervision of subordinates, preparation of reports and stock, and such.

Eligibility for BMLT

Candidates wishing to apply for the course need to fulfill the following eligibility criteria
  • 10+2 or equivalent qualification in the Science stream, completed from a recognized educational Board.
  • A minimum aggregate score of 50% (45% for SC/ST/OBC candidates) at the 10+2 level.
  • Physics, Biotechnology, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics as the main subjects of study at the 10+2 level.
  • Candidates awaiting their Senior Secondary examinations’ results are also eligible to apply on provisional basis.

BMLT: Admission Process

Most institutes offering the course admit students based on their performance in a relevant entrance test followed by a round of Personal Interview. Some institutes conduct their own entrance tests for offering admission. Admission process generally varies across colleges. A few institutes also provide direct admission based on the candidate’s score at the 10+2 level.

BMLT: Career Prospects

Medical Lab Technologist and Medical Microbiologists are in enormous demand in the country’s medical scene. Successful BMLT degree holders may even start their own clinical laboratories and pursue private practice under the supervision of pathologists. They are needed in clinical labs for analyzing a variety of diseases, such as Hepatitis, Cancer Markers, AIDS, Malarial parasites, Tuberculosis, Arthritis, etc. they are indispensable for an effective functioning of biochemical laboratories. A large number of private clinics, nursing homes, blood donation centers, pathology research facilities, etc. hire such lab specialists. Some of the popular professional avenues open to successful graduates of the course are listed below with the corresponding salaries offered for the respective positions.

DMLT (Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology) is a diploma level program of 2 years that can be done usually after completion of Class 12.

This course is for students who want an entry level job in medical laboratories, and want to become a professional medical laboratory technician.

Medical laboratory technicians are healthcare professionals who diagnose the disease in the human body by conducting certain tests. Based on these tests, doctors or physicians recommend medicine or treatment to the patients.

NIOS DMLT Admission is only done if you have scored more than 45% in Class 12.

The average annual fees for the course are around INR 50,000 for a total of 2 years, but they may be lower in government colleges.

DMLT course will cover subjects like Blood banking, Microbiology, Pathology, Biochemistry, Immunology etc. which provides necessary training  to handle lab equipment, microscopic examination, conduct clinical tests, and other similar aspects.

After the course completion, students are mostly employed in hospitals and medical clinics as laboratory assistants, medical assistants, and in other similar job roles. The average starting salary that you can expect is around INR 2.5-3 LPA.

After DMLT, it is advised to pursue other professional job oriented medical courses like Radiology or Paramedical technology, etc. You can also pursue a bachelor level course in the field of medical science for better career opportunities.

DMLT Admission Process

The admission process is not the same in all the colleges. Some take admission on the basis of merit, while others take admission through a common entrance examination conducted by the university or college.

Merit Based System:

The admission process usually revolves around the merit based system, and depends on the marks scored in Class 12.

Entrance Exams:

Most of the esteemed institutes like AMU and others offering the course admit students based on performance in a relevant entrance test which is often known as Common Entrance Test.

To further select students, they conduct a round of personal interview, wherein their general aptitude for the course is tested.

DMLT Eligibility

  • The minimum eligibility of this course is at least 45-50% marks in Class 12 with subjects such as Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
  • Some colleges like Madras Christian College offer DMLT course of 1 year, whose eligibility is that the students must complete their Class 10.

DMLT Entrance Exams

There are no specific entrance exams conducted specially for this course, but reputed government colleges usually conduct a written test or common entrance test which helps in the screening of students for admission.

How to prepare for these examinations? 

  • Since DMLT is a medical based course, therefore the syllabus contains basic questions of Biology and other Science subjects of Class X-XII level.
  • You can easily prepare for these parts while considering the course books of your school like NCERT Books and other course materials.
  • The test is mainly MCQ based, hence you can refer to the sample papers and previous year question papers to get the gist of what type of questions will be there on the test day.
  • The main objective of these examinations is to test a student’s ability and knowledge based on which college or institute will decide if the student is the right fit for the course.

How to get admission in a good college?

  • Since the admission process usually revolves around the merit system, therefore it is advised that to get admission in reputed and top colleges of DMLT, score better in Class 10+12.
  • Apart from this, you should have some knowledge about the DMLT course so that you answer confidently in the Personal Interview round.
  • Keep a list of colleges in which you want to apply, and make sure you have filled their application forms before the deadline, and stay updated with the key dates.

DMLT: What is it About?

DMLT or Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology is one of the paramedical courses that is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases through clinical laboratory tests and other physical tests.

The program covers preclinical subjects such as:

  • Biochemistry
  • Pathology
  • Microbiology
  • Blood Banking
  • Immunology

Students who are pursuing this program are imparted training in the ethics of laboratory management through sessions such as practical training, seminars, internal assessments & tests, viva voce, internship programs and projects.

Apart from this, students are taught to handle clinical tests, laboratory equipment, match blood samples for blood transfusions, test cholesterol levels and blood pressure, file reports, conduct tests, etc.

Who should opt DMLT?

DMLT is an ideal course for students with the following skills:

  • discipline and attentiveness
  • ability to conduct research
  • ability to perform designated tasks with speed, efficiency, and accuracy
  • good analytical judgment
  • patience to interpret technical data
  • basic computer skills
Course NameDiploma in Medical Laboratory Technology
AbbreviationDMLT
Course LevelDiploma level
Duration2 years
Eligibility50% in Class 12
Admission ProcessMerit Based
Average FeesINR 20,000-80,000
Job SectorsGovernment Hospitals, Private Clinics, medical labs, Colleges & Universities, Military Services, Medical Content Writing, etc.
Top Job ProfilesLaboratory Staff, Laboratory Technician, Data Entry Operator, Medical Writer, etc.
Average SalaryINR 2-4 Lakhs per Annum

 

Why study DMLT?

  • DMLT is a foundation course that will help you find an entry level job in medical laboratories and other such settings.
  • If you are genuinely interested to serve in hospitals, clinics and other such facilities then pursuing this course will help you get a relevant job in the medical testing field.
  • Other than this, you can also go for research opportunities after completing your Bachelors course or qualifying a relevant examination.
  • Most of the students who have completed DMLT course easily find jobs in government facilities, which not only provides experience to these candidates but also job security and other facilities like insurance and such.
  • The main advantage of this course is that you possess enough relevant knowledge to work in an environment where you can implement this knowledge in testing, surveying and collection of samples, etc.

Course Comparison

 

DMLT vs BMLT

Both these courses are in the field of medical laboratory techniques, but BMLT is a Bachelor level course unlike DMLT.

Check the below table to know the major differences between them

ParametersDMLTBMLT
Full FormDiploma in Medical Laboratory TechnologyBachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology
Course levelIt is a diploma level courseIt is a Bachelor level course
EligibilityClass 12 with Physics, Chemistry and BiologyClass 12 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology
Admission ProcessUsually Merit Based, but some colleges may conduct entrance exams as well.Merit or Entrance Exams
Average FeesINR 40,000, but higher in private collegesINR 60,000, but higher in private colleges
Average SalaryINR 2-4 LPAINR 2-5 LPA

 

ParametersDMLTDPharm
Full FormDiploma in Medical Laboratory TechnologyDiploma in Pharmacy
SpecializationMedical Laboratory TechniquesPharmacy
Duration2 years2 years
Admission ProcessMerit BasedBased on the performance in relevant entrance examinations
Average FeesINR 40,000INR 55,000
Job SectorsGovernment Hospitals, Private Clinics, medical labs, Colleges & Universities, Military Services, Medical Content Writing, etc.Government hospitals, Clinics, Private hospitals, Community health centres, Private drug stores, Sales & Marketing
Average SalaryINR 2-4 LPAINR 2-5 LPA

The career opportunities after both of these courses are almost the same, but a candidate with a Bachelor degree will be preferred over a Diploma holder, therefore the salary scale of a student after BMLT will be higher as compared to DMLT.

DMLT vs DPharm:

These two courses are both undergraduate diploma level courses in different fields, whose eligibility is a minimum of 50% in Class 12 with Science (Biology). DPharma course, as the name suggests, is a diploma degree in Pharmacy.

The table below shows some of the major differences between them:

 

 

DMLT Jobs

The most traditional job option after this course is to become a Laboratory Technician in hospitals, clinics, blood testing labs, pharmaceuticals labs, etc.

The average salary of a medical technician in India is around INR 2.4 LPA, but with experience it is expected to increase to upto INR 4 LPA.

The table below shows some of the popular professional avenues open after DMLT course along with their corresponding job description and salary offered for each post:

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